Rural livelihood tend to be characterized by risks, shocks and stresses such as natural disaster-caused risks (earthquake, drought or flood), social conflict impacts, changing market prices, etc. The poor group is often the most vulnerable people to these though coping and risk management strategies are widespread. Therefore, the key to achieving of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) according to Coonrod (2016) is to unleash wisdom, creativity and productivity of the one billion poor individuals currently living in rural areas.

Rural areas have pivotal role in every nation’s economic development due to the mostly of population living there in (about 46 % of the world’s total population) as well as their influence on global agriculture and food security issues. Currently, rural development in MICs are still struggling with the complexity of population poverty are indicated by low income, lack access to basic needs services and limited infrastructures. Ervin (2017) summarized that 1 billion of the 1.4 billion people living on less than $1.25 dollars a day live in rural areas where agriculture is their primary livelihood.


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